Toolbar Menu

Geometry Fix
Mesh Tools


Diagnostics >


The Check command reports errors in the selected object's data structure.


  1. Select objects.
    A report on the correctness of the object will display.
    This is primarily a tool for diagnosing potential geometry errors.
  2. Delete or remodel objects that have errors.


Toolbar Menu

Geometry Fix

Not on menus.

The CheckNewObjects command reports errors in the data structure of objects as they are created or imported.


Rhino reports the addition of bad objects to a model in three situations.

Reading .3dm files

If bad objects are added to the model while Rhino is reading a Rhino .3dm file, after the file is read a message is printed in the command history window,"N bad objects were created while reading model.3dm."

Reading other model files

If bad objects are added to the model while file import plug-in is reading a file, after the file is read a message is printed in the command history window, "N bad objects were created while reading model.3dm." No dialogs are shown.

If Rhino creates a bad object while opening any file not 3DM:

Running Rhino commands

If bad objects are added to the model while a command is running, after the command finishes, a message is printed in the command window, "The CommandName command created N bad objects." and a modal dialog is shown.

If Rhino creates a bad object while modeling:

If you are working normally and the Check New Objects dialog box appears, then you have found a bug in Rhino.

Please report this bug as follows:

  1. Make a note of the command that was running when the message box appeared.
  2. Undo.
  3. Select all of the objects that were used in the command and Export these to a new file.
  4. Email the file to
  5. Tell us what command you were using and any options that were enabled at the time.

NURBS Diagnostics

Sometimes a model can become damaged. These damaged areas can cause problems.

It is possible to build bad models using Rhino tools. For instance, Rhino will let you create a planar surface from a self-intersecting curve, but the result will be a poorly defined object that will cause problems later.

Another potential problem is a tiny trimming edge joining to a larger trim curve on an adjacent surface. If Rhino matches the large edges, sometimes the tiny trim curve edge compresses even further so that it is really just a point. That compressed edge no longer has meaningful orientation and causes problems.

There are modeling techniques you can use to increase the overall robustness of your models.

Drawing tiny little lines to connect pieces of a trim curve instead of moving the two endpoints of the curves together generally interferes with other objects joining together and tends to cause problems.

Sometimes the microscopic edges can be generated through other means, such as Boolean operations, where the objects are just off from each other by just a little bit.

Trimming edges that are very small or curved back on themselves are the biggest cause of problems in models.

There are Rhino tools you can use to examine your model for these defects.

The first one to try is the Check command. If your model doesn't pass Check, then it will list some specific problems. You can just use the list to indicate that you might need to tune up the model. If a model passes Check, it doesn't automatically mean that it is 100 percent properly structured, though. Some bad model parts, like having surfaces that fold back on themselves or self-intersect, are very time consuming and difficult to automatically detect, and Check does not check for those things. But it can check the general overall structure of the object.

The work-around is to Explode, Untrim, Trim again, and Join. If there are lots of tiny edges, then you may have to use the SplitEdge command to split all edges so they have a compatible structure, and then use JoinEdge to manually mate the proper pairs.

When there are long things and tiny things adjacent to each other, the Join command can get confused - when that happens, the low level manual JoinEdge can work as a replacement.

These tools are on the Analyze menu under Edge Tools. You may need to use several of these tools to fix difficult broken models as well.

Avoiding Modeling Errors

Tools for analysis include:

Mesh Diagnostics

Degenerate faces

Fix with the CullDegenerateMeshFaces command.

Zero length edges

Zero-length edges typically are the result of degenerate faces. Fix with the CullDegenerateMeshFaces command.

Non manifold edges

Use the CullDegenerateMeshFaces command and then fix with the ExtractNonManifoldMeshEdges command.

Naked edges

Naked edges are allowed, but cause problems with rapid prototyping. Use the ShowEdges command to help find them. Try the FillMeshHole, FillMeshHoles, or MatchMeshEdge commands to remove naked edges.

Duplicate faces

Fix with the ExtractDuplicateMeshFaces command.

Faces that could make it better if their directions were flipped

Fix with the UnifyMeshNormals command.

Disjoint pieces

Fix with the SplitDisjointMesh command.

Unused vertices

Unused vertices do not usually cause a problem, and there are no commands to for removing them.

Text window

Right-click for options.

Select All

Copy All

Copies all text in the window to the Clipboard.

Save As

Saves the contents of the window to a text file.


Closes the window.

See also

Analyze objects

Rhino Wiki: Bad objects




Rhinoceros 8 © 2010-2024 Robert McNeel & Associates. 07-Jun-2024